Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease or gum disease also known as periodontitis is a progressive disease which is untreated may result in tooth loss.

Gum disease begins with the inflammation and irritation of the tissues which surround and support the teeth. The cause of this inflammation is the toxins in plaque which cause an ongoing bacterial infection.

In this is treated promptly by a Periodontist, the effects of mild inflammation (gingivitis) are completely reversible. However if the infection is allowed to progress, periodontal disease begins to destroy the gums and underlying supporting bone prompting tooth loss.

Common causes of gum disease:

There are genetic and environmental factors involved in the onset of gum disease and in many cases the risk of developing periodontitis can be significantly lowered by taking certain preventative measures;

Here are some of the most common causes of gum disease:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Smoking
  • Family History
  • Chronic street or poor diet

Periodontists specialise in the treatment of gum disease, by performing effective cleaning procedures in deep infected pockets.

In the case of tooth loss, the periodontist can perform hard and soft tissue grafts to promote natural tissue regeneration followed by placement of dental implant to replace missing teeth. The tissue may need to be recontoured to insure good aesthetic results.

Implants:

This is an artificial substitute or replacement for the root portion of the natural tooth. This is placed into the jaw bone to support a crown, bridge or denture.

A dental implant is placed into the area where the tooth is missing and can actually prevent further bone loss in the area. In some cases where bone loss is substantial, bone grafting may be required before placement of the implant.

Once the implant is fully integrated in the bone the restorative component is placed.