Periodontal disease or gum disease also known as periodontitis is a progressive disease which if left untreated may result in tooth loss.
Gum disease begins with the inflammation and irritation of the tissues which surround and support the teeth. The cause of this inflammation is the toxins in plaque which cause an ongoing bacterial infection.
If this is treated promptly by our Periodontist, the effects of mild inflammation (gingivitis) are completely reversible. However if the infection is allowed to progress, periodontal disease begins to destroy the gums and underlying supporting bone prompting tooth loss.
Common causes of gum disease:
There are genetic and environmental factors involved in the onset of gum disease and in many cases the risk of developing periodontitis can be significantly lowered by taking certain preventative measures;
Here are some of the most common causes of gum disease:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Family History
- Chronic street or poor diet
Periodontists specialise in the treatment of gum disease, by performing effective cleaning procedures in deep infected pockets. In the case of tooth loss, the periodontist can perform hard and soft tissue grafts to promote natural tissue regeneration followed by placement of dental implant to replace missing teeth. The tissue may need to be recontoured to ensure good aesthetic results.
Scale and Polish
Our hygienist acts in conjuction with the dentist and periodontist in providing support to patients, to maintain their oral health. Our hygienist Sandra is highly trained and will give excellent advice and instruction on maintaining oral hygiene, this ensures that our patients are able to continue good practices at home.
In cases where ‘Gum Disease’ has progressed and requires more extensive treatment to prevent tooth loss, Dr. John Crotty our Periodontist is available for consultation and further treatment.